Coronavirus is spreading in the UK and a major epidemic is expected.
A worst case scenario could see 80% of people infected if nothing is done.
What is the UK now doing about coronavirus?
The UK government is attempting to delay the spread of coronavirus and reduce the epidemic’s peak (when the number of cases is highest).
It says that from Friday:
- All people with flu-like symptoms – a fever above 37.8 C or a persistent cough – should self-isolate (stay at home, away from other people) for seven days
- Schools should not take trips abroad
- Older people and those with pre-existing health conditions should avoid cruises
Further measures will be taken as the number of coronavirus infections moves towards its peak:
- Older people and those with health conditions will be advised to cut social contact and stay at home
- If someone in your home falls ill, the whole household will be told to isolate itself for 14 days
It is hoped these steps could significantly reduce the number of infections and cut deaths by up to a third.
Could schools close and public gatherings be banned?
The government has other powers it could use to protect people from infection:
- School closures and – once a new law is passed – allowing bigger class sizes if there are teacher shortages
- Restrictions on the use of public transport
- Stopping big gatherings
- Troops supporting the emergency services
- Police focusing on the most serious crimes and maintaining public order
- New legal powers to make people stay in quarantine
Some other countries like Italy have already taken some of these measures, but they tend to have more cases.
And officials in the UK have concerns about how effective they will be.
For example, while school closures could reduce the peak, forcing parents to stay at home would be a problem. It could reduce the number of health workers available, or mean grandparents – one of the at-risk groups – stepping in.
Is the NHS ready for coronavirus?
Up to one in five UK workers could be off sick during a major outbreak, the government says.
It thinks there could be more deaths, especially among elderly people and those with health conditions like heart or lung problems and diabetes.
There are 30 hospitals on stand-by to take patients, but all of the NHS is on an emergency footing.
Hospitals have plans to keep coronavirus patients separate and supply staff with protective masks and suits.
All hospital patients with flu-like symptoms are being tested.
If someone tests positive, they may be moved to one of the main hospitals, if that’s best for them.
Patients with mild symptoms are being asked to self-isolate at home. Community teams will keep an eye on them.
In England and Wales, people who think they may have coronavirus need to call the NHS 111 phone service for further advice. They should not go to their GP, or A&E.
How will the NHS treat seriously ill patients?
Currently there is no treatment or cure, so hospitals are trying to relieve the symptoms.
Specialist equipment called ECMO – which helps breathing – is at five units for patients whose lungs fail.
If there is widespread transmission, hospitals could start cancelling routine treatments to prioritise coronavirus patients.
It is estimated one in 20 patients may become critically ill, which could overwhelm the NHS. There are just over 4,000 intensive care beds, which can be increased. By how much is not clear.
Doctors warn some difficult decisions may need to be made about which patients get treatment.
What is the UK hoping to achieve?
Apart from putting less pressure on the NHS, delaying the peak to the summer would allow more time to find a coronavirus treatment.
Drugs including those used to treat malaria and HIV are being tested, while researchers are working hard to develop a vaccine.
The rate of transmission could also be lower in summer as more people will be outdoors.
If that happens, the hope is that about one in five people could be infected – far below the worst case scenario of four out of five.
But getting the balance right is difficult.
If the measures taken reduce the coronavirus peak too much, a second wave could come as soon as you relax them.
If that happened next winter, it could cause real problems.
But manage it right and – in theory – we will be in a much better position to deal with the virus than we are in 2020.
What questions do you have about the UK’s coronavirus plans?
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